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digital competence / digital literacyDefinition:
Ability to use information and communication technology (ICT).Comments:
digital competence is underpinned by basic skills in ICT: use of computers to retrieve, assess, store, produce, present and exchange information, and to communicate and participate in collaborative networks via the Internet.Source:Cedefop, 2008; European Parliament and Council of the European Union, 2006.
digital divide / digital gapDefinition:
Within populations, the gap between those who can access and use information and communication technologies (ICT) effectively, and those who cannot.Source:Cedefop, 2008.
distance education and trainingDefinition:
Education and training imparted at a distance through communication media: books, radio, TV, telephone, correspondence, computer or video.Source:based on ILO, 1979.
Withdrawal from an education or training programme before its completion.Comments:
Source:based on Ohlsson, 1994.
- this term designates both the process (early school-leaving) and the persons who fail to complete a course (early school-leavers);
- besides early school-leavers, dropouts may also include learners who have completed education or training but failed the final examinations.