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Glossary

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  • occupation

    Definition: 

    Set of jobs whose main tasks and duties are characterised by a high degree of similarity.

    Source: 
    ILO, 2008.
  • off-the-job training

    Definition: 

    Vocational training undertaken away from the normal work situation. It is usually only part of a whole training programme, in which it is combined with on-the-job training.

    Source: 
    based on Unesco, 1979.
  • on-the-job training

    Definition: 

    Vocational training given in the normal work situation. It may constitute the whole training or be combined with off-the-job training.

    Source: 
    based on Unesco, 1979.
  • open learning

    Definition: 

    Learning which gives the learner a degree of flexibility in choice of topics, place, pace and/or method.

    Source: 
    Cedefop, 2008.
  • overqualification

    Definition: 

    Situation where an individual has a higher qualification than the current job requires.

    Comments: 
    • overqualification is close to – but not synonymous with:
      • overeducation: situation where an individual has more education than the current job requires (measured in years);
      • overskilling: situation where an individual is not able to utilise fully their abilities and skills in the current job;
    • overqualification can be temporary (e.g. when an overqualified young person accepts a low-level position until they find more appropriate employment) or can have a more permanent character.
    Source: 
    Cedefop, 2010.