You are here

Glossary

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W
  • permeability of education and training systems

    Definition: 

    Capacity of education and training systems to enable learners to:

    • access and move among different pathways (programmes, levels) and systems;

    • validate learning outcomes acquired in another system or in non-formal/informal settings.

    Comments: 
    • permeability of systems can be improved by:
      • modularising pathways and defining units of learning outcomes;
      • establishing qualification frameworks which create links between various qualifications, improving readability of qualifications within and between countries;
      • setting credit systems;
    • permeability is characterised by direction (vertical/horizontal), criteria for access (individual or collective), admission or exemption, level of formalisation (at institution or system levels).
    Source: 
    Cedefop.
  • post-compulsory education

    Definition: 

    Education followed by an individual after compulsory education (the minimum legal standards and duration of schooling).

    Source: 
    based on European Training Foundation, 1997.
  • professional development

    Definition: 

    Any action undertaken to improve professional performance.

    Comments: 

    professional development:

    • encompasses specific skills and generic skills (team or time management, negotiation skills, conflict management, communication, etc.);
    • may take the form of self-learning, formal training, consultation, conferences, coaching or mentoring, communities of practice and technical assistance.
    Source: 
    Cedefop; Wikipedia, 2012.
  • programme of education or training

    Definition: 

    Inventory of activities, content and/or methods implemented to achieve education or training objectives (acquiring knowledge, skills and/or competences), organised in a logical sequence over a specified period of time.

    Comments: 

    the term programme of education of training refers to the implementation of learning activities whereas curriculum refers to the design, organisation and planning of these activities.

    Source: 
    Cedefop, 2008.