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Glossary

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  • teacher

    Definition: 

    Person whose function is to impart knowledge, know-how or skills to learners in an education or training institution.

    Comments: 

    a teacher may fulfil several tasks such as organising and carrying out training programmes/courses and transmitting knowledge, whether generic or specific, theoretical or practical. A teacher in a vocationally-oriented institution may be referred to as a ‘trainer’.

    Source: 
    Cedefop, 2004; AFPA 1992.
  • trainer

    Definition: 

    Anyone who fulfills one or more activities linked to the (theoretical or practical) training function, either in an institution for education or training, or at the workplace.

    Comments: 
    • two categories of trainer can be distinguished:
      • professional trainers are training specialists whose job may coincide with that of the teacher in a vocational training establishment;
      • part-time or occasional trainers are professionals in various fields who take on, in their normal duties, part-time training activity, either in-company (as mentors and tutors of recruits and apprentices or as training providers) or externally (by occasionally offering their services at a training establishment);
    • trainers may carry out various tasks:
      • design training activities;
      • organise and implement these activities;
      • provide the actual training (transfer knowledge, know-how and skills);
      • help apprentices develop their skills by providing advice, instructions and comments throughout the apprenticeship.
    Source: 
    Cedefop, 2004; AFPA, 1992.
  • training course planning and design

    Definition: 

    Set of consistent methodological activities employed in designing and planning training initiatives and schemes against objectives set.

    Comments: 

    training course planning and design includes analysis of training demand and needs, project design, coordination and implementation monitoring as well as assessment of training impact.

    Source: 
    based on Le Préau, 2002.
  • training needs analysis

    Definition: 

    Systematic evaluation of present and future skills needs against the skills available to implement an efficient training strategy.

    Comments: 
    • training needs analysis rests on: (a) identification of skills needs; (b) assessment of skills available in the workforce, and; (c) appraisal of skills gaps and shortages;
    • training needs analysis can be conducted at individual, organisational, sectoral, national or international levels; it may focus on quantitative or qualitative aspects (such as level and type of training) and should ensure that training is delivered effectively and cost-efficiently.
    Source: 
    Cedefop, 2008.
  • training of trainers

    Definition: 

    Theoretical or practical training for teachers and trainers.

    Comments: 

    training of trainers:

    • is for teaching/training personnel, either practising as professional teachers or trainers or as professionals in a given field who accompany trainees in their work environment (occasional teachers or trainers);
    • covers a wide range of skills: knowledge specific to the field in question (general, technical or scientific); educational, psychological and sociological skills; management skills; familiarity with the world of work; and knowledge of training schemes and target audience;
    • also covers training related to course design, organisation and implementation, as well as content of training activities (imparting knowledge, know-how and skills).
    Source: 
    Cedefop, 2004.
  • transferability of learning outcomes

    Definition: 

    Degree to which knowledge, skills and competences can be used in a new occupational or educational environment, and/or be validated and certified.

    Source: 
    Cedefop, 2008.
  • transition from school or training to work

    Definition: 

    Move from education or training to employment, covering the period between leaving education and entering the labour market.

    Comments: 

    transition between school and employment (integration path, type of employment – with regard to level and status – and duration) is complex. Integration depends on many factors (gender, age, qualification, employment policy, guidance and counselling provision, etc.).

    Source: 
    Cedefop, 2004.
  • transparency of qualifications

    Definition: 

    Degree of visibility and legibility of qualifications, their content and value on the (sectoral, regional, national or international) labour market and in education and training systems.

    Source: 
    Cedefop, 2008.
  • tutoring

    Definition: 

    Any activity offering a learner guidance, counselling or supervision by an experienced and competent professional. The tutor supports the learner throughout the learning process (at school, in training centres or on the job).

    Comments: 

    tutoring covers various activities:

    • academic subjects (to improve educational achievement);
    • career guidance (to ease transition from school to work);
    • personal development (to encourage learners to make wise choices).
    Source: 
    Cedefop, 2004.