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Glossary

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  • digital competence / digital literacy

    Definition: 

    Ability to use information and communication technology (ICT).

    Comments: 

    digital competence is underpinned by basic skills in ICT: use of computers to retrieve, assess, store, produce, present and exchange information, and to communicate and participate in collaborative networks via the Internet.

    Source: 
    Cedefop, 2008; European Parliament and Council of the European Union, 2006.
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  • digital divide / digital gap

    Definition: 

    Within populations, the gap between those who can access and use information and communication technologies (ICT) effectively, and those who cannot.

    Source: 
    Cedefop, 2008.
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  • distance education and training

    Definition: 

    Education and training imparted at a distance through communication media: books, radio, TV, telephone, correspondence, computer or video.

    Source: 
    based on ILO, 1979.
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  • dropout

    Definition: 

    Withdrawal from an education or training programme before its completion.

    Comments: 
    • this term designates both the process (early school-leaving) and the persons who fail to complete a course (early school-leavers);
    • besides early school-leavers, dropouts may also include learners who have completed education or training but failed the final examinations.
    Source: 
    based on Ohlsson, 1994.
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